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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Tufted Vetch - Vicia cracca
Other Names:  Bird Vetch, Cow Vetch, Blue Vetch, Boreal Vetch

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 1

External Links

General Description
Rhizomatous perennial. Stems clambering or climbing, 50–100 cm. Herbage glabrate to strigose. Leaves with a branched tendril; the 12 to 18 leaflets linear, 15–20 mm long; stipules toothed to entire, 7–15 mm long. Racemes secund, dense with 20 to 70 flowers. Flowers violet, 10–15 mm long; calyx strigose; sepals deltoid to lanceolate, 0.5–2 mm long, the upper shorter. Legume stipitate, oblong, 15–20 mm long (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Range Comments
Introduced for forage and roadside stabilization; native to Europe. Known from one Ravalli County collection (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 4

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)


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Citation for data on this website:
Tufted Vetch — Vicia cracca.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from