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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Red Clover - Trifolium pratense

Exotic Species (not native to Montana)

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 0

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General Description
Short-lived perennial. Stems ascending to erect, 30–70 cm. Herbage glabrate to sparsely villous. Leaflets ovate to elliptic, 2–5 cm long, serrulate with rounded tips; stipules 1–3 cm long, lanceolate, green-veined. Racemes axillary, short-pedunculate, globose, 2–4 cm long, non-involucrate, ca. as long as the leaves. Flowers ascending, reddish purple, 10–15 mm long; calyx hirsute; sepals linear-lanceolate, 2–5 mm long. Legume 2–3 mm long with 1 or 2 seeds (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Unknown/Undetermined
 


Range Comments
Introduced for forage and hay throughout most of temperate N. America; native to Europe (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 34

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Meadows, fields, lawns, roadsides, riverbanks; plains, valleys, montane (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
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Citation for data on this website:
Red Clover — Trifolium pratense.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from