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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Subalpine Monkeyflower - Mimulus tilingii

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S3

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 7

External Links

General Description
Rhizomatous perennial. Stems ascending to erect, simple, 3–15 cm. Herbage glabrous below, glandular-pubescent above. Leaves petiolate, blades ovate, serrate, 1–2 cm long. Flowers: calyx 12–15 mm long, often purplish, teeth acute, upper tooth longer; pedicel 1 to 2 times as long as calyx; corolla 2–3 cm long, yellow, red-spotted, strongly bilabiate, lips spreading, palate bearded, closing the throat. Capsule 7–10 mm long (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are variety tilingii.

Species Range

Range Comments
AK south to CA and NM (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 10

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Wet gravel, shallow water of streams, wet cliffs; upper subalpine to alpine (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus vagans, Bombus bifarius, Bombus centralis, Bombus flavifrons, and Bombus pensylvanicus (Thorp et al. 1983, Colla and Dumesh 2010).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141: 39-68.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Thorp, R.W., D.S. Horning, and L.L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23:1-79.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Hawkins, P.H. 1903. The alpine flora of Montana. M.Sc. Thesis, Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 24 pp.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Subalpine Monkeyflower"
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Citation for data on this website:
Subalpine Monkeyflower — Mimulus tilingii.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from