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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Spotted Joepye-weed - Eupatorium maculatum
Other Names:  Eupatoriadelphus maculatus, Eutrochium maculatum

Species of Concern
Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S1S2
(see State Rank Reason below)
State Threat Score: No Known Threats
CCVI: Moderately Vulnerable
C-value: 5

Agency Status


External Links

State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Widespread species known in Montana from a few occurrences in the south-central part of the state on a variety of ownerships. Four of the occurrences are moderate to large-sized populations.
General Description
Fibrous-rooted perennial. Stems erect, 50–150 cm, simple, purplish. Herbage puberulent, glandular above. Leaves cauline, short-petiolate, simple, in whorls of 3 or 4; blades lanceolate, 6–15 cm long, serrate. Inflorescence corymbiform, flat-topped, terminal or in upper leaf axils. Heads discoid; involucre tubular, 6–9 mm high; phyllaries imbricate in 3 to 5 series, white to purplish, ovate to oblanceolate, glabrous; receptacle convex, naked. Disk flowers perfect, tubular, 9 to 22, purple; corolla 4–6 mm long; style branches clavate. Achenes obconic, 5-angled, 3–5 mm long, glandular; pappus 1 series of capillary bristles (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are variety bruneri (A.Gray) Breitung.

Flowering in August.

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
BC to QC south to AZ. NM, TN and NC (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 33

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Moist meadows, springs, margins of spring-fed streams, and swamp thickets in the valleys and on the plains.
Predicted Suitable Habitat Model

This species has a Predicted Suitable Habitat Model available.

To learn how these Models were created see

Ecological Systems Associated with this Species

The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus vagans, Bombus bifarius, Bombus borealis, Bombus rufocinctus, Bombus ternarius, Bombus pensylvanicus, Bombus griseocollis, Bombus impatiens, Bombus insularis, and Bombus bohemicus (Plath 1934, Thorp et al. 1983, Colla and Dumesh 2010, Colla et al. 2011, Koch et al. 2012, Williams et al. 2014).

Threats or Limiting Factors
Threat impact not assigned because threats are not known (MTNHP Threat Assessment 2021).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Colla, S., L. Richardson, and P. Williams. 2011. Bumble bees of the eastern United States. Washington, DC: USDA Forest Service, Pollinator Partnership. 103 p.
    • Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141:39-68.
    • Koch, J., J. Strange, and P. Williams. 2012. Bumble bees of the western United States. Washington, DC: USDA Forest Service, Pollinator Partnership. 143 p.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Plath, O.E. 1934. Bumblebees and their ways. New York, NY: Macmillan Company. 201 p.
    • Thorp, R.W., D.S. Horning, and L.L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23:1-79.
    • Williams, P., R. Thorp, L. Richardson, and S. Colla. 2014. Bumble Bees of North America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 208 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2022. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants, Second Edition. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 779 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Spotted Joepye-weed"
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Citation for data on this website:
Spotted Joepye-weed — Eupatorium maculatum.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from