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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Chicory - Cichorium intybus
Other Names:  Coffee Weed

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 1

External Links






 
General Description
Taprooted perennial with milky sap. Stems erect, usually branched, 30–120 cm. Herbage glabrate to puberulent; stems hirsute below. Leaves basal and cauline; basal petiolate, oblanceolate, pinnately lobed, dentate, 8–20 cm long; cauline few, alternate, becoming auriculate-clasping. Heads ligulate, sessile in axils of reduced upper leaves. Involucres 9–15 mm high, glabrate to sparsely ciliate, cylindric; phyllaries imbricate in 2 series, lanceolate; receptacle flat, glabrous. Ray flowers perfect, 8 to 25, sky blue; ligules ca 15 mm long. Pappus of tiny scales. Achenes glabrous, 5-angled, 2–3 mm long (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range

Non-native
 


Range Comments
Introduced throughout much of temperate North America; native to Europe (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 62

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Predicted Suitable Habitat Model

This species has a Predicted Suitable Habitat Model available.

To learn how these Models were created see mtnhp.org/models

Ecology
POLLINATORS
The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus vagans, Bombus bifarius, Bombus fervidus, and Bombus rufocinctus (Thorp et al. 1983, Colla and Dumesh 2010, Williams et al. 2014).

Management

References
  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141: 39-68.
    • Thorp, R.W., D.S. Horning, and L.L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23:1-79.
    • Williams, P., R. Thorp, L. Richardson, and S. Colla. 2014. Bumble Bees of North America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 208 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Zapatka, T.P. 1963. Some results of two limited hunting seasons on hen Pheasants in north central Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 26 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Chicory"
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Citation for data on this website:
Chicory — Cichorium intybus.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from