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Lackschewitz' Milkvetch - Astragalus lackschewitzii
Other Names:  Astragalus molybdenus var. lackschewitzii

Species of Concern
Native Species

Global Rank: G2G3
State Rank: S2S3
(see State Rank Reason below)
State Threat Score: Unknown
CCVI: Highly Vulnerable

Agency Status
USFS: Species of Conservation Concern in Forests (HLC)


External Links

State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Montana endemic restricted to high elevation, gravelly and rocky slopes and ridges. Several of the known occurrences are in designated wilderness and the habitats occupied by the species are not generally subject to human disturbance.
  • Details on Status Ranking and Review
    Lackschewitz' Milkvetch (Astragalus lackschewitzii) Conservation Status Review
    Review Date = 04/25/2013
    View State Conservation Rank Criteria
    Population Size

    Score1 - Moderate: Generally 10,000-100,000 individuals.

    Range Extent

    Score3 - Local Endemic or Very Small Montana Range: Generally restricted to an area <10,000 sq. miles (equivalent to the combined area of Phillips and Valley Counties) or <6 Sub-basins (4th code watersheds) Range-wide OR limited to one Sub-basin in Montana

    Area of Occupancy

    Score2-3 - Very Low to Low. Occurs in 10 or fewer Subwatersheds (6th Code HUC’s), though the species' distribution is not sufficiently documented to place it within one class.

    CommentSpecies often occurs near or along the upper boundaries the watersheds.

    Environmental Specificity

    Score1-2 - Moderate to High.


    Score0-1 - Stable to Minor Declines:

    CommentTrends unknown, though populations are likely stable or experiencing only minor declines.


    Score0-1 - Low to Medium.

    Intrinsic Vulnerability

    Score1 - Moderate Vulnerability: Specific biological attributes, unusual life history characteristics or limited reproductive potential makes the species susceptible to extirpation from stochastic events or other adverse impacts to its habitat and slow to recover.

    Raw Conservation Status Score

    Score 8 to 12 total points scored out of a possible 19.

General Description
Lackschewitz' Milkvetch is a low and loosely tufted or matted perennial, with prostrate or ascending stems less than 10 cm long, arising from a branched rootcrown. Leaves are alternate on the stem, 2.2-5.8 cm long, with 15-23 ovate or elliptic leaflets; the upper leaflet surface is glabrous and the lower surface and outer margins have short hairs. The 3-5 pea-like flowers are borne in an open, upright inflorescence that often becomes prostrate as fruits mature. Petals are 8.5-11.2 mm long and purplish-blue. The calyx is 2.5-3.8 mm long and covered with uniformly short, straight black hairs sometimes intermixed with white. The oval or elliptic pod is 9-11.2 mm long, curved upward, and triangular in cross section, with a groove at the bottom, and covered with short hairs.

Flowering and fruiting in July-August.

Diagnostic Characteristics
The other two Astraglus species that are small, low-growing species on limestone at high elevations in nothwest Montana are A. alpinus and A. bourgovii. The former differs from A. lackschewitzii in having leaflets that are blunt at the tip and pods that are almost completely divided into two chambers. The latter differs in that it has pods which are oval in cross-section.

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
Montana endemic, restricted to the Rocky Mountain front range in west-central Montana, Teton County (Lavin and Marriott 1997).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 60

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Open, gravelly, calcareous soil and talus on ridge tops and slopes in alpine or subalpine zones.
Predicted Suitable Habitat Model

This species has a Predicted Suitable Habitat Model available.

To learn how these Models were created see

Ecological Systems Associated with this Species

The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus vagans, Bombus appositus, Bombus auricomus, Bombus bifarius, Bombus borealis, Bombus centralis, Bombus fervidus, Bombus flavifrons, Bombus huntii, Bombus mixtus, Bombus nevadensis, Bombus rufocinctus, Bombus ternarius, Bombus terricola, Bombus occidentalis, Bombus pensylvanicus, Bombus griseocollis, and Bombus insularis (Macior 1974, Thorp et al. 1983, Mayer et al. 2000, Colla and Dumesh 2010, Wilson et al. 2010, Koch et al. 2012, Miller-Struttmann and Galen 2014, Williams et al. 2014).

Threats or Limiting Factors
Reported threats to Montana’s populations of Lackschewitz' Milkvetch are currently assigned as unknown (MTNHP Threat Assessment 2021). A small portion of the population occurs along hiking trails, but impacts due to recreation activities are insignificant.

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141:39-68.
    • Koch, J., J. Strange, and P. Williams. 2012. Bumble bees of the western United States. Washington, DC: USDA Forest Service, Pollinator Partnership. 143 p.
    • Macior, L.M. 1974. Pollination ecology of the Front Range of the Colorado Rocky Mountains. Melanderia 15: 1-59.
    • Mayer, D.F., E.R. Miliczky, B.F. Finnigan, and C.A. Johnson. 2000. The bee fauna (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of southeastern Washington. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 97: 25-31.
    • Miller-Struttmann, N.E. and C. Galen. 2014. High-altitude multi-taskers: bumble bee food plant use broadens along an altitudinal productivity gradient. Oecologia 176:1033-1045.
    • Thorp, R.W., D.S. Horning, and L.L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23:1-79.
    • Williams, P., R. Thorp, L. Richardson, and S. Colla. 2014. Bumble Bees of North America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 208 p.
    • Wilson, J.S., L.E. Wilson, L.D. Loftis, and T. Griswold. 2010. The montane bee fauna of north central Washington, USA, with floral associations. Western North American Naturalist 70(2): 198-207.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Lavin, M. and H. Marriott. 1997. Astragalus molybdenus s.l. (Leguminosae): Higher taxonomic relationships and identity of constituent species. Systematic Botany 22(2):199-217.
    • Lavin, M., S. Mathews, C. Hughes, H. Marriott and S. Shelly. 1990. Intraspecific chloroplast DNA diversity is high in some wild species of Leguminosae. Amer. J. Bot. 77 (supplement):144 (abstract).
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2022. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants, Second Edition. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 779 p.
    • Schassberger, L.A. And J.S. Shelly. 1990. Status Review and Taxonomic Studies of Astragalus molybdenus, Lewis & Clark National Forest. Unpublished Report. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, MT 45 pp.
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Citation for data on this website:
Lackschewitz' Milkvetch — Astragalus lackschewitzii.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from