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Montana Field Guides

Slim Larkspur - Delphinium depauperatum

Species of Concern

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S2
* (see State Rank Reason below)

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 7

External Links






State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Delphinium depauperatum has been identified in Beaverhead, Flathead, and possibly Jefferson Counties in western Montana. It is found in common habitats, yet relatively few occurrences have been documented.
  • Details on Status Ranking and Review
    Slim Larkspur (Delphinium depauperatum) Conservation Status Review
    Review Date = 09/23/2016
    View State Conservation Rank Criteria
    Population Size

    ScoreU - Unknown

    Range Extent

    ScoreF - 10,000 - 100,000 individuals

    Area of Occupancy

    ScoreD - 6-25 4-km2 grid cells

    Number of Populations

    ScoreB - 6 - 20

    Number of Occurrences or Percent Area with Good Viability / Ecological Integrity

    ScoreC - Few (4-12) occurrences with excellent or good viability or ecological integrity

    Environmental Specificity

    ScoreC - Moderate. Generalist or community with some key requirements scarce

    Long-term Trend

    ScoreU - Unknown

    Trends

    ScoreU - Unknown

    Threats

    ScoreU - Unknown

    CommentThreat categories include: Roads & railroads, Fire & fire suppression, Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases. However, often occurs in more protected areas and seems to tolerate ditches.

    Intrinsic Vulnerability

    ScoreU - Unknown

 
General Description
Plants: Perennial (Hitchcock et al. 1964) from a cluster of tuber-like roots; stems mostly glabrous, 15–60 cm (Lesica 2012), mostly 1(2) in number, upright, sometimes slightly hollow (fistulose), little-branched or simple; vestiture of fine hairs or somewhat glandular-puberulent almost to the base and the inflorescence almost always glandular-pubescent (Hitchcock et al. 1964).

Leaves: Leaves basal and on lower stem (Lesica 2012), few and long-petiolate; blades triparted most of their length (Hitchcock et al. 1964), 2–6 cm wide (Lesica 2012); ultimate lobes parted less deeply once (occasionally twice) forming oblong sections (Hitchcock et al. 1964) to 3 mm wide (Lesica 2012); upper stem leaves few, bract-like and linear-lobed (Hitchcock et al. 1964).

Inflorescence: A terminal raceme, often branched, 3- to 15-flowered, lower flowers as long to longer than pedicels (Lesica 2012).

(Lesica's contribution adapted from Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX.)

Phenology
Flowers from late May through early July (Hitchcock et al. 1964).

Diagnostic Characteristics
Delphinium depauperatum, Slim Larkspur, is frequently confused with D. nuttallianum, Nuttall’s Larkspur. Slim Larkspur, however, has cylindric inflorescences, lower flowers the same length or longer than their stalks (Lesica 2012), upright fruits, and winged seeds (FNA 1997). This contrasts with the pyramidal inflorescences, lower flowers shorter than their stalks (Lesica 2012), spreading fruits, and ringed seeds of Nuttall’s Larkspur (FNA 1997).

(Lesica's contribution adapted from Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX.)

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
WA to w MT, south to ne CA and c NV (Hitchcock et al. 1964). Known in Montana from Beaverhead and Flathead Counties (Lesica 2012).

(Lesica's contribution from Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX.)


Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 19

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Moist sagebrush basins to subalpine meadows (Hitchcock et al. 1964); moist meadows, often along streams; montane (Lesica 2012).

(Lesica's contribution from Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX.)

Ecology
Despite growing in moist habitats, especially in meadows that dry in the summer, Slim Larkspur has roots less like those of tall hollow-stemmed species and more like those of low-growing Delphiniums that grow in dry conditions (Hitchcock et al. 1964).

Frequently growing in the same meadows, Slim Larkspur inhabits damper sites, often near streams, and flowers later than the similar-appearing Nuttall's Larkspur (D. nuttallianum). The two species do produce hybrids, but rarely (FNA 1997).

Reproductive Characteristics
Flowers: Bilaterally symmetric; sepals spreading, dark blue, sparsely hairy, 8–12 mm (Lesica 2012), usually glandular; upper sepal forming a spur (11)13-15(17) mm in length (Hitchcock et al. 1964); petals blue to white, the lower blades cleft halfway to the base (Lesica 2012).

Fruits: Follicles most often glandular and puberulent, seldom smooth (Hitchcock et al. 1964), 11–17 mm (Lesica 2012); seeds 1.5-2 mm in length, with wing-angles whitish (Hitchcock et al. 1964).

(Lesica's contribution adapted from Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX.)

References
  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1997. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 3. Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, Inc., New York, NY. xxiii + 590 pp.
    • Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J. W. Thompson. 1964. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Part 2: Salicaceae to Saxifragaceae. University of Washington Press, Seattle. 597 pp.
    • Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
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Slim Larkspur — Delphinium depauperatum.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from