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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Beebalm - Monarda fistulosa
Other Names:  Wild Bergamot, Horsemint


Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4S5

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

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General Description
Rhizomatous perennial. Stems numerous, erect, simple, 30–80 cm. Herbage glabrous to puberulent, punctate, pleasantly aromatic. Leaves short-petiolate; blades lanceolate to narrowly ovate, serrate, 2–8 cm long. Inflorescence a terminal, bracteate, head-like cluster of sessile flowers. Flowers: calyx ca. 15-veined, glandular-puberulent below, hispid above, hairy within, 5–11 mm long, the 5 lobes very short, equal, glandular; corolla tubular, hirsute, 15–30 mm long, bilabiate, lavender; upper lip arched, hood-like; lower lip reflexed down; the middle lobe longer, turned up; stamens 2, exserted from the upper lip; style unequally 2-lobed. Nutlets oblong (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are variety menthifolia (Graham) Fernald

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
BC to QC, south to AZ, TX and GA (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 51

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Grasslands, meadows, open forest; plains, valleys, montane (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
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Citation for data on this website:
Beebalm — Monarda fistulosa.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from