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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Common Sowthistle - Sonchus oleraceus
Other Names:  Smooth Sow Thistle, Hare's Colwort, Swinies, Annual Sowthistle

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 0

External Links






 
General Description
Taprooted annual. Stems erect, 30–100 cm tall, mostly simple. Leaves lanceolate to oblanceolate, pinnately lobed to mostly entire, 5–25 cm long, winged-petiolate below, becoming sessile and auriculate above. Involucres 8–15 mm high; phyllaries glabrous or with patches of tomentum. Ray ligules 3–6 mm long, inconspicuous. Achenes brown, 2–4 mm long, bumpy between the ribs (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range

Non-native
 


Range Comments
From Eurasia but widespread across nearly all of North America.

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 24

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Disturbed soil of roadsides, fields, lawns; plains, valleys (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Ecology
POLLINATORS
The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this species or genera where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus vagans, Bombus bifarius, Bombus fervidus, and Bombus terricola (Thorp et al. 1983, Colla and Dumesh 2010).

Management

References
  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141: 39-68.
    • Thorp, R.W., D.S. Horning, and L.L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23:1-79.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Simanonok, M. 2018. Plant-pollinator network assembly after wildfire. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 123 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Common Sowthistle"
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Citation for data on this website:
Common Sowthistle — Sonchus oleraceus.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from