Wild Carrot - Daucus carota
Bird's Nest, Bishop's Lace, Queen Anne's Lace
Biennial with a stout taproot. Stems erect, simple or branched, 20–100 cm. Herbage glabrate to hirsute. Leaves basal and cauline, petiolate; blades lanceolate to ovate in outline, 5–20 cm long, bipinnate; leaflets deeply lobed, crowded. Umbels compound; peduncles 10–30 cm long; rays unequal, 2–4 cm long; involucral bracts 1–4 cm long, pinnate with widely-spaced, linear lobes; involucel bracts linear or 3-lobed, 4–15 mm long, ciliate. Flowers white; central flower of central umbel often purple; sepals minute; petals ca. 0.5 mm long; stylopodium conical. Mericarps elliptic, slightly compressed parallel to the commissure, 3–4 mm long; ribs with barbed prickles; oil tubes solitary in the intervals (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX)
A similar umbellifer, Carum carvi (caraway), is distinguished from D. carota by small umbellets that are separate from each other; inconspicuous, narrow bracts below the umbel; ribbed seeds without bristles that give the odor of caraway when crushed; and glabrous leaves and flower stalks.
Introduced throughout North America; native to Eurasia (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus vagans
, Bombus huntii
, Bombus rufocinctus
, and Bombus impatiens
(Thorp et al. 1983, Colla and Dumesh 2010).
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141: 39-68.
- Thorp, R.W., D.S. Horning, and L.L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23:1-79.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Gross, K. L., and P. A. Werner. 1982. Colonizing abilities of "biennial" plant species in relation to ground cover: Implications for their distributions in a successful sere. Ecology 63(4):921-931.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
- Rydberg, P. A. 1971. Flora of the prairies and plains of central North America. Dover Publications, N.Y. 503 pp. 2 vol.