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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Smooth White Violet - Viola macloskeyi

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S3S4
(see State Rank Reason below)
C-value: 8


Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:


 

External Links






State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Numerous collections from western Montana at MONTU. Though widespread in western Montana in appropriate habitat, usually not abundant.
 
General Description
Plants mostly glabrous, rhizomatous, stoloniferous. Stems lacking; peduncles 2–9 cm. Leaf blades 1–3 cm long, broadly cordate to reniform with crenulate margins; stipules lanceolate, glandular-toothed. Flowers white, 8–12 mm long; the lower petals with purple lines; the lateral pair mostly glabrous; spur 2–3 mm long; style glabrous. Capsule 3–5 mm long (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range

Year-round
 


Range Comments
BC to NL south to most of U.S. (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 64

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Fens, wet meadows, along streams; montane, subalpine (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Ecology
POLLINATORS
The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus vagans, Bombus pensylvanicus, Bombus bimaculatus, Bombus griseocollis, and Bombus impatiens (Colla and Dumesh 2010, Williams et al. 2014).

References
  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141: 39-68.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Williams, P., R. Thorp, L. Richardson, and S. Colla. 2014. Bumble Bees of North America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 208 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Fultz, J.E. 2005. Effects of shelterwood management on flower-visiting insects and their floral resources. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 163 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Smooth White Violet — Viola macloskeyi.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from