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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Spring Speedwell - Veronica verna

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA
C-value: 1

Agency Status


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General Description
Stems erect, simple or branched, 3–15 cm. Herbage strigose with curled hairs. Leaves short-petiolate; blades 2–10 mm long, lanceolate to ovate, some pinnately lobed. Inflorescence a terminal, glandular-pubescent raceme; bracts leaf-like; pedicels ca. 1 mm long. Flowers: calyx 2–3 mm long; corolla blue, 2–3 mm across; style ca. 0.5 mm long. Capsule obovate, deeply notched, 2–3 mm high, glandular-villous (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range

Range Comments
Introduced to northeast and northwest U.S., adjacent Canada; native to Eurasia (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 37

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Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)


The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus vagans and Bombus pensylvanicus (Colla and Dumesh 2010).


  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141: 39-68.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Harvey, A.J. 2019. Understanding the biology, ecology, and integrated management of Ventenata dubia. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 117 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Spring Speedwell"
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Citation for data on this website:
Spring Speedwell — Veronica verna.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from