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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Pacific Mitrewort - Mitella trifida

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4
C-value: 5

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
Stems 12–40 cm. Leaf blades 2–6 cm wide, broadly ovate to suborbicular, shallowly 5 to 7-lobed with crenate margins. Inflorescence of 6 to 15 flowers maturing upward. Flowers cup-shaped; calyx 2–3 mm wide; the lobes erect, white to purple-tinged with a few glandular hairs; petals often purplish, 1–3 mm long with 3 oblanceolate lobes; stamens 5, opposite the sepals. Capsule half exposed above the hypanthium (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Range Comments
Southeastern AK to MT, UT, CO and NM (Kartesz in prep. 2012).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 6

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Moist forests, thickets, meadows; montane, subalpine (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Jones, W. W. 1901. Preliminary flora of Gallatin County. M.S. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State College. 78 pp.
    • Simanonok, M. 2018. Plant-pollinator network assembly after wildfire. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 123 p.
    • Simanonok, M.P. and L.A. Burkle. 2019. Nesting success of wood-cavity-nesting bees declines with increasing time since wildfire. Ecology and Evolution 9:12436-12445.
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Citation for data on this website:
Pacific Mitrewort — Mitella trifida.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from