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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Marsh Hedge-nettle - Stachys palustris
Other Names:  Stachys pilosa

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNR
C-value: 6


Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:


 

External Links






 
General Description
Rhizomatous perennial. Stems erect, 20–80 cm, simple or branched. Herbage hirsute, aromatic. Leaves short-petiolate to sessile; blades 3–9 cm long, lanceolate, truncate, serrate. Inflorescence of verticillasters in a terminal, interrupted, bracteate spike. Flowers: calyx glandular-villous, 5–9 mm long, lobes equal, purplish; corolla purple, spotted, 10–15 mm long, bilabiate, the upper lip hood-like, the lower 3-lobed; stamens 4, included; style subequally 2-lobed. Nutlets rounded above (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are subspecies pilosa (Nutt.) Epling

Species Range
Montana Range

Year-round
 


Range Comments
Circumboreal south to OR, AZ, OH and NY (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 29

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Moist or wet soil of marshes, wet meadows, often around streams, ponds; plains, valleys, montane (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Ecology
POLLINATORS
The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus vagans, Bombus fervidus, Bombus mixtus, Bombus nevadensis, Bombus sitkensis, Bombus pensylvanicus, and Bombus impatiens (Thorp et al. 1983, Colla and Dumesh 2010, Williams et al. 2014).

References
  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141: 39-68.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Thorp, R.W., D.S. Horning, and L.L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23:1-79.
    • Williams, P., R. Thorp, L. Richardson, and S. Colla. 2014. Bumble Bees of North America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 208 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Cope, M.G. 1992. Distribution, habitat selection and survival of transplanted Columbian Sharp-tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus columbianus) in the Tobacco Valley, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 60 p.
    • Culver, D.R. 1994. Floristic analysis of the Centennial Region, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Montana State University, Bozeman. 199 pp.
    • Eggers, M.J.S. 2005. Riparian vegetation of the Montana Yellowstone and cattle grazing impacts thereon. M.Sc. Thesis. Montana State University, Bozeman, MT. 125 p.
    • Jones, W. W. 1901. Preliminary flora of Gallatin County. M.S. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State College. 78 pp.
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Citation for data on this website:
Marsh Hedge-nettle — Stachys palustris.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from