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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Field Basil - Satureja vulgaris
Other Names:  Wild Basil, Clinopodium vulgare

Non-native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNA
C-value: 1

Agency Status


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General Description
Rhizomatous perennial. Stems erect, 20–40 cm, mostly simple. Herbage sparsely hirsute. Leaves petiolate; blades lanceolate to ovate, 1–3 cm long, crenate. Inflorescence of dense bracteate verticillasters, terminal or in axils of uppermost leaves. Flowers: calyx tubular, 8–10 mm long, villous, lobes unequal, setaceous, upper longer than lower; corolla purple, 10–12 mm long, campanulate, indistinctly bilabiate (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Range Comments
Native to Europe, eastern North America, introduced elsewhere. Known from Flathead County (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 1

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)


The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus vagans (Colla and Dumesh 2010).


  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141: 39-68.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Field Basil — Satureja vulgaris.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from