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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Red Catchfly - Silene dioica
Other Names:  Red Campion, Lychnis dioica

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA
C-value: 1


Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:


 

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General Description
Dioecious short-lived perennial with hirsute foliage and a branched caudex. Stems erect, 40–80 cm. Leaves: basal oblong, withering by flowering time; cauline elliptic, 3–10 cm long. Inflorescence an open, glandular, several-flowered cyme. Flowers unisexual; calyx 1–2 cm long, purplish, with septate hairs, tubular with lobes 2–4 mm long, becoming ovate in fruit; petals pink to purplish, 2-lobed with 4-lobed appendages; the blade 10–15 mm long; styles 5. Capsule ovoid, equaling the calyx, opening by 5 slits (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Range Comments
Introduced throughout most of temperate North America; native to Eurasia. Collected twice in Park County according to Lesica (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX) and once in Sweet Grass County (Rocky Mt Herbarium Specimen Database, accessed 2012-10-4).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 4

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Introduced throughout most of temperate N. America; native to Eurasia (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Ecology
POLLINATORS
The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus vagans, Bombus pensylvanicus, and Bombus impatiens (Colla and Dumesh 2010).

Management

References
  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Colla, S.R. and S. Dumesh. 2010. The bumble bees of southern Ontario: notes on natural history and distribution. Journal of the Entomological Society of Ontario 141: 39-68.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Red Catchfly — Silene dioica.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from