Search Field Guide
Advanced Search
MT Gov Logo
Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Limprichtia Moss - Scorpidium revolvens
Other Names:  Drepanocladus revolvens, Limprichtia revolvens

Species of Concern
Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S1

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
Plants: Medium-sized to occasionally large when growing underwater, green, red, red with purple, deep brown, or black tones (FNA 2014). Stems 3-10 cm (Lawton 1971), meagerly and erratically branched or occasionally somewhat pinnate, the shoot tips not hooked; hyalodermis fully formed (FNA 2014).

Leaves: Stem leaves ovate or more lance-shaped, progressively or seldom suddenly tapering to the apex (FNA 2014), somewhat abruptly curved apically and facing toward one side of the stem, concave above and plane below, not pleated, 2-4 mm in length, 0.5-0.8 mm in width; margins smooth; base not extending along stem (Lawton 1971); apex short- to long-acuminate; costa solitary, extending past mid-leaf (FNA 2014). Exterior bracts surrounding the archegonia lack a costa; the inner bracts are up to 4 mm in length, have smooth margins, a long slender apex, and a costa that reaches to a little past mid-bract (Lawton 1971).

Leaf Cells: Alar cells 2-10, highly inflated, thin-walled; medial laminal cell ends usually narrowly short- to long-tapering, seldom rounded or nearly square (FNA 2014), not pitted (Lawton 1971); basal cells shorter than medial cells, the walls usually pitted (Lawton 1971).

Diagnostic Characteristics
Limprichtia revolvens and Scorpidium cossonii are often confused but may be distinguished by the following: S. cossonii is dioicous and has shorter medial laminal cells with squared to shortly-tapered narrow ends; L. revolvens is autoicous and has short- to long-tapered narrow ends (FNA 2014).

Species Range

Range Comments
Greenland; St. Pierre and Miquelon; Canada: AB, BC, MB, NL, NT, NT, NU, ON, QC, SK, YT; USA: AK, CO, ID, MI, MN, MT, OH, VT, WI, WY; South America; Eurasia; s Africa; Pacific Islands; Antarctica (FNA 2014). In Montana: Flathead, Gallatin, Glacier, Lake, Stillwater, and Teton Counties (Elliott 2016).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 20

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Mineral-rich soil and peat in calcareous fens and other wetlands (Elliott 2016). Low to high elevations (FNA 2014).

Reproductive Characteristics
Autoicous (FNA 2014). Seta 3-4 cm in length. Capsule bowed, slightly ribbed; theca 2-2.5 mm in length; operculum approximately 0.7 mm in length, cone-shaped (Lawton 1971).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Elliott, J.C. and A.K. Pipp. 2018. A Checklist of Montana Mosses (1880-2018). Updated 3 January, 2020. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, Montana. 73 pp.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 2014. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 28. Bryophytes: Mosses, Part 2. Oxford University Press, Inc., NY. xxi + 702 pp.
    • Lawton, E. 1971. Moss Flora of the Pacific Northwest. Hattori Botanical Laboratory. Japan: Yamabuki-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo. 362 pages plus appendices.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Lawton, E. 1971. Keys for the Identification of the Mosses on the Pacific Northwest. Reprinted from 'Moss Flora of the Pacific Northwest'. Published as Supplement No. 2 of the Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory. Nichinan, Miyazaki, Japan. 66 pp.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Limprichtia Moss"
Login Logout
Citation for data on this website:
Limprichtia Moss — Scorpidium revolvens.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from