A Scorpidium Moss - Scorpidium scorpioides
Plant: Large, in mats. Yellow-green, golden-green, to brown-green; usually black below and sometimes with green tips. Stems erect or prostrate, 5-15+ cm long, and usually branched.
Leaf: When dry, leaves imbricate, falcate, and usually rugose. Leaves ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, broadest above the base, 2-4 x 1.4-1.8 mm, somewhat asymmetric, concave, not decurrent, and not plicate. Apex acuminate or usually abruptly narrowed to an obtuse or acute apex, and sometimes apiculate. Margins plane or involute and entire or minutely serrulate at the apex. Costa absent or faint and short and double.
Leaf Cells: Basal leaf cells shorter than median leaf cells and strongly pitted. Median leaf cells long and narrow, 75-110 x 6-7 µm, and somewhat pitted. Alar cells, few, somewhat inflated, and with thinner walls.
Greenland; Canada: AB, BC, MB, NB, NL, NT, NS, NU, ON, QC, YT; USA: AK, CO, CT, IN, ME, MI, MN, MT, UT, VT, WI, WY; South America; Eurasia; Australia (FNA 2014). In Montana: Flathead, Glacier, Lake, Lewis and Clark, Lincoln, Missoula, and Teton Counties (Elliott 2016).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Exposed or submerged rocks in rivers and streams (Elliott 2016). Also found on wet soil in calcareous seeps and fens, and soil of bogs, ponds, and other wetlands. From low elevations to about 10,000 feet.
Dioicous. Seta is 4.0-6.0 cm tall. Capsules arcuate with the neck erect, 3-4 mm long, brown, and a little plicate and shrunken under the mouth when dry. Calyptra cucullate.
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Elliott, J.C. and A.K. Pipp. 2018. A Checklist of Montana Mosses (1880-2018). Updated 3 January, 2020. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, Montana. 73 pp.
- Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 2014. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Volume 28. Bryophytes: Mosses, Part 2. Oxford University Press, Inc., NY. xxi + 702 pp.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Elliot, J. C. 1993. Second checklist of Montana mosses. Unpublished report. U.S. Forest Service, Region 1. Missoula, MT. 45 pp.
- Lawton, E. 1971. Keys for the Identification of the Mosses on the Pacific Northwest. Reprinted from 'Moss Flora of the Pacific Northwest'. Published as Supplement No. 2 of the Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory. Nichinan, Miyazaki, Japan. 66 pp.
- Lawton, E. 1971. Moss Flora of the Pacific Northwest. Hattori Botanical Laboratory. Japan: Yamabuki-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo. 362 pages plus appendices.