Prairie Violet - Viola pedatifida
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Reported from eastern Montana by Dorn (1984) but not confidently known from the state. More information needed.
Perennial acaulescent herbs with a slender to stout or sometimes brached caudex. Early leaves strongly dissected; margins ciliate, lower surface sometimes faintly hairy (especially on the veins). Summer leaves also deeply incised; petioles to 15 cm long. Stipules narrow, fused to petiole below. Peduncles about equal to or usually longer than the leaves. Sepals mostly 6-8 mm long, usually ciliate; petals 10-20 mm long, violet or reddish-violet, the lower ones white at base and veined with dark violet, the lateral two less strongly dark veined, the lower 3 petals densely bearded; style truncate at summit. Capsules 8-12 mm long, glabrous, yellw-green. Cleistogamous flowers (those that never open for pollination) on short peduncles (adpated from: Brooks & McGregor, 1986, Flora of the Great Plains).
AB to ON, south through the Dakotas west to AZ, NM, east through OK and TX to IL; sporadically east to OH and VA. Most common in central and eastern Plains and upper Midwest (Kartesz in prep. 2012).
Prairies and woodlands.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.