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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Prairie Violet - Viola pedatifida

Status Under Review
Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNA
(see State Rank Reason below)

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:

External Links

State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Reported from eastern Montana by Dorn (1984) but not confidently known from the state. More information needed.
General Description
Perennial acaulescent herbs with a slender to stout or sometimes brached caudex. Early leaves strongly dissected; margins ciliate, lower surface sometimes faintly hairy (especially on the veins). Summer leaves also deeply incised; petioles to 15 cm long. Stipules narrow, fused to petiole below. Peduncles about equal to or usually longer than the leaves. Sepals mostly 6-8 mm long, usually ciliate; petals 10-20 mm long, violet or reddish-violet, the lower ones white at base and veined with dark violet, the lateral two less strongly dark veined, the lower 3 petals densely bearded; style truncate at summit. Capsules 8-12 mm long, glabrous, yellw-green. Cleistogamous flowers (those that never open for pollination) on short peduncles (adpated from: Brooks & McGregor, 1986, Flora of the Great Plains).

Range Comments
AB to ON, south through the Dakotas west to AZ, NM, east through OK and TX to IL; sporadically east to OH and VA. Most common in central and eastern Plains and upper Midwest (Kartesz in prep. 2012).

Prairies and woodlands.

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Citation for data on this website:
Prairie Violet — Viola pedatifida.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from