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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Nuttall's Violet - Viola nuttallii
Other Names:  Viola praemorsa, Viola vallicola


Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4
* (see State Rank Reason below)

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

External Links






State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Common in open habitats across most of the state.
 
General Description
Glabrous to sparsely puberulent without horizontal rhizomes or stolons. Stems mostly subterranean, the aerial portion 2–8 cm. Leaf blades 1–10 cm long, narrowly to broadly lanceolate, entire to remotely crenulate, the base long-tapered to truncate; stipules adnate to stem. Flowers 8–15 mm long, yellow; upper petals brownish on back; the lower 3 with purple lines; spur ca. 1 mm long; style tip hairy. Capsule 6–9 mm long (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are variety nuttallii, praemorsa (Douglas ex Lindl.) S. Watson, or vallicola (A. Nelson) H. St. John.

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
BC to MN, south to CA, NM and KS (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 53

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Grasslands meadows, steppe; plains, valleys to lower subalpine (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
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Citation for data on this website:
Nuttall's Violet — Viola nuttallii.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from