Nuttall's Violet - Viola nuttallii
Viola praemorsa, Viola vallicola
(see State Rank Reason below)
MNPS Threat Rank
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Common in open habitats across most of the state.
Glabrous to sparsely puberulent without horizontal rhizomes or stolons. Stems mostly subterranean, the aerial portion 2–8 cm. Leaf blades 1–10 cm long, narrowly to broadly lanceolate, entire to remotely crenulate, the base long-tapered to truncate; stipules adnate to stem. Flowers 8–15 mm long, yellow; upper petals brownish on back; the lower 3 with purple lines; spur ca. 1 mm long; style tip hairy. Capsule 6–9 mm long (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX)
Our plants are variety nuttallii, praemorsa
(Douglas ex Lindl.) S. Watson, or vallicola
(A. Nelson) H. St. John.
BC to MN, south to CA, NM and KS (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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Map Help and Descriptions
(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Chadde, S.W. 1985. Initial recovery patterns of southwestern Montana foothill range. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 103 p.
- Johnson, T. W. 1982. An analysis of pack and saddle stock grazing areas in the Bob Marshall Wilderness. M.Sc.Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 105 p.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.