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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Canada Violet - Viola canadensis


Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4
* (see State Rank Reason below)

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

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State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Relatively common in Montana and scattered across the state in appropriate habitat.
 
General Description
Plants glabrous to puberulent, stoloniferous. Stems 8–40 cm. Leaf blades 5–8 cm long, broadly cordate to reniform with crenulate margins and pointed tips; stipules attenuate-lanceolate, 8–16 mm long. Flowers white, fading to blue, 10–15 mm long; petals yellow at the base, the lower with purple lines, lateral pair bearded; spur ca. 2 mm long; style with sparse long hairs. Capsule 5–8 mm long (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
AK to NS south to AZ, NM, TN and SC (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 56

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Moist to wet forest, thickets, often with deciduous trees along streams, wetlands; plains, valleys, montane (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
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Citation for data on this website:
Canada Violet — Viola canadensis.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from