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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Greater Red Indian Paintbrush - Castilleja crista-galli

Native Species

Global Rank: G4?
State Rank: S4
* (see State Rank Reason below)

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 5

External Links

State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
An uncommon species in Montana, where it is known from mountainous areas of the southwest and south-central portions of the state. Appears to be common and widespread enough that its viability is not at risk in the state.
  • Details on Status Ranking and Review
    Greater Red Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja crista-galli) Conservation Status Review
    Review Date =
General Description
Perennial. Stems erect, simple, 20–50 cm. Herbage puberulent. Leaves 2–7 cm long, linear to linear-lanceolate, the upper with 1 pair of linear lobes. Inflorescence glandular-puberulent, villous; bracts bright red, lanceolate with 1 or 2 pairs of lateral lobes. Flowers: calyx 20–28 mm long, primary clefts deeper in front than in back, lobes acute to acuminate, 3–8 mm long; corolla 26–36 mm long, galea 10–13 mm long, lower lip green, minute (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range

Range Comments
Regional endemic of northwest WY, southwest MT, and northeast ID.

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 8

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Meadows and grasslands in the montane and subalpine zones up to alpine turf.

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Citation for data on this website:
Greater Red Indian Paintbrush — Castilleja crista-galli.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from