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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

White Spirea - Spiraea betulifolia

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

External Links

General Description
Rhizomatous. Stems 20–80 cm, glabrous, reddish-brown, shredding with age. Leaf blades 2–9 cm long, glabrous, serrate above, basally entire, green above, paler beneath. Inflorescence flat-topped, glabrous, 3–15 cm across. Flowers: sepals <1 mm long, glabrous; petals white, ca. 2 mm long. Follicles 3 mm long (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are variety lucida (Douglas ex Greene) C.L. Hitchc.

Species Range

Range Comments
BC to SK south to OR, WY and SD (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 7227

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Moist to dry forest, forest margins, avalanche slopes; valleys to subalpine (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Conway, T.M. 1982. Response of understory vegetation to varied lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) spacing intervals in Western Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bpzeman, MT: Montana State University. 76 p.
    • Habeck, R. J. 1991. Spiraea betulifolia. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online}. U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer).
    • Johnson, T. W. 1982. An analysis of pack and saddle stock grazing areas in the Bob Marshall Wilderness. M.Sc.Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 105 p.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
White Spirea — Spiraea betulifolia.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from