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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Chokecherry - Prunus virginiana

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

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General Description
Shrub or rarely a tree to 6 m. Twigs reddish-brown, glabrous. Leaf blades elliptic, short-acuminate, 4–12 cm long, glabrous. Inflorescence a cylindric, many-flowered raceme 5–12 cm long. Flowers: hypanthium cup-shaped, 1–2 mm long, glabrous; sepals deltoid, glandular-dentate, up to 1 mm long; petals 3–6 mm long. Drupe a red cherry becoming black, 5–8 mm long dry. Riparian thickets, forests, pine and ash woodlands, rocky slopes, stony soil of grasslands; plains, valleys, montane (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are variety melanocarpa.

Species Range
Montana Range

Year-round
 


Range Comments
BC to NL south to CA, NM, TX, TN and NC (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 1398

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Riparian thickets, forests, pine and ash woodlands, rocky slopes, stony soil of grasslands; plains, valleys, montane (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

References
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
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    • Guenther, G.E. 1989. Ecological relationships of bitterbrush communities on the Mount Haggin Wildlife Management Area. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 73 p.
    • Holeckek, J.L. 1976. Initial effects of different species treatments and fertilizer rates on a mine spoils rehabilitation. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 91 p.
    • Johnson, T. W. 1982. An analysis of pack and saddle stock grazing areas in the Bob Marshall Wilderness. M.Sc.Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 105 p.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Little, E.L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees (native and naturalized). Agriculture Handbook No. 541. U.S. Forest Service, Washington, D.C. 375 pp.
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Citation for data on this website:
Chokecherry — Prunus virginiana.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from