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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Sitka Columbine - Aquilegia formosa

Species of Concern

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S3
* (see State Rank Reason below)

Agency Status
USFWS:
USFS:
BLM:
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 6

External Links






State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Known from several areas in southwest Montana. However, only four of these are large, high quality populations. Effects of human disturbance, such as logging, on the species are uncertain.
  • Details on Status Ranking and Review
    Sitka Columbine (Aquilegia formosa) Conservation Status Review
    Review Date = 05/23/2013
    View State Conservation Rank Criteria
    Population Size

    Score2-3 - Very Small to Small: Population size is imprecisely known but is believed to be <10,000 individuals.

    Range Extent

    Score2 - Regional or State Endemic or Small Montana Range: Generally restricted to an area <100,000 sq. miles (equivalent to 2/3 the size of Montana or less) or Montana contributes 50% or more of the species’ range or populations OR limited to 2-3 Sub-basins in Montana.

    Area of Occupancy

    Score2 - Low: Generally occurring in 4-10 Subwatersheds (6th Code HUC’s).

    Environmental Specificity

    Score1 - Moderate: Species is restricted to a specific habitat that is more widely distributed or to several restricted habitats and is typically dependent upon relatively unaltered, good-quality habitat (C Values of 5-7).

    Trends

    ScoreNA - Rank factor not assessed.

    CommentTrends data are lacking though likely stable to only minor declines in the recent past.

    Threats

    Score0-1 - Low to Medium.

    CommentPotential threats appear to be minimal in magnitude or immediacy.

    Intrinsic Vulnerability

    Score0-1 - Low to Moderate Vulnerability.

    Raw Conservation Status Score

    Score 7 to 10 total points scored out of a possible 16 (Rarity factors and threats only).

 
General Description
Sitka Columbine is an herbaceous perennial with stems 1-6 dm high that arise from a simple or branched rootcrown. The basal leaves have long petioles and are twice divided into threes; the ultimate wedge-shaped segments are lobed and 1-5 cm long. The few, alternate stem leaves are smaller and less divided. Foliage is glabrous to sparsely hairy with a thin, waxy coating on the undersides of the leaves. One to several stalked, nodding flowers are borne at the top of the stem. Each flower has 5 red, spreading sepals and 5 red to yellow, horn-shaped petals with a 2-5 mm long blade and a 10-15 mm straight spur. Stamens are numerous stamens; fruit a capsule, ca. w cm long, erect, bell-shaped, 5-chambered.

Phenology
Flowering in June-July.

Diagnostic Characteristics
This species could be confused with reddish flowered forms of A. flavescens; however, A. flavescens has spurs with incurved tips and petal blades which are 6-13 mm long.

Species Range
Present
 


Range Comments
From coastal Alaska and southern Yukon, through to Baja California and Utah.

Summary of Observations Submitted for Montana
Number of Observations: 21

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density

Recency

 

(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



Habitat
Moist soil of open coniferous, cottonwood, or aspen forests in the montane to subalpine zone.

Ecological Systems Associated with this Species

References
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
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    • Chase, V.C. and P.H. Raven. 1975. Evolutionary and ecological relationships between Aquilegia formosa and A. pubescens (Ranunculaceae), two perennial plants. Evolution. 29:474-486.
    • Grant, V. 1979. Character coherence in natural hybrid populations in plants. Bot. Gaz. 140(4):443-448.
    • Lesica, P. 1990. Vegetation and sensitive vascular plants of Morrison Lake, Harkness Lakes and Nicholia Creek wetlands, Beaverhead County, Montana. Report to Beaverhead National Forest, Dillon, Montana. 28 pp.
    • Lesica, P., M. T. Lavin, and P. F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Vanderhorst, J.P. and P. Lesica. 1994. Sensitive plant survey in the Tendoy Mountains, Beaverhead County, Montana. Unpublished report to the Bureau of Land Management, Butte District. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, MT. 59 pp. plus appendices.
    • Vlahovich, Stan. Department of State Lands, 730 North Montana, Dillon, MT 59725. 406/683-6305.
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Citation for data on this website:
Sitka Columbine — Aquilegia formosa.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from