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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Dwarf Waterleaf - Hydrophyllum capitatum

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

External Links

General Description
Fibrous-rooted perennials. Stems ascending to erect, 5–25 cm. Herbage sparsely hirsute or strigose. Leaves long-petiolate; blades 3–10 cm long, pinnately divided into 7 to 11 sessile, ovate, simple or lobed leaflets. Inflorescence a densely-branched, capitate, cyme, shorter than the subtending leaf. Flowers campanulate; calyx hirsute, lobed to near the base, 4–6 mm long; corolla light blue, 7–10 mm long, tube shorter than the lobes, ciliate at points of filament attachment; stamens and style exserted. Capsule with 1 to 3 seeds (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Our plants are variety capitatum.

Species Range

Range Comments
BC, AB south to CA and CO (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 164

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Vernally moist, sometimes disturbed soil or talus in open forest, woodlands, grasslands, meadows, thickets; valleys to lower subalpine (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Joslin, G.J. 1975. Behavior and environmental selection by Elk (Cervus canadensis nelsoni) during surrmer and fall in the First and Second Yellow Mule drainages, Madison County, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University, Bozeman. 65 p.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Martinka, R.R. 1970. Structural characteristics and ecological relationships of male blue grouse (Dendragapus obscurus (Say)) territories in southwestern Montana. Ph.D Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 73 p.
    • Steerey, W. F. 1979. Distribution, range use and population characteristics of Mule Deer associated with the Schafer Creek winter range, Bridger Mountains, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 119 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Dwarf Waterleaf — Hydrophyllum capitatum.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from