Hoary Balsamroot - Balsamorhiza incana
(see State Rank Reason below)
MNPS Threat Rank
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Numerous collections at MONTU from Teton, Madison, Granite, Gallatin, BigHorn, Carbon, Powell and Lewis & Clark counties. Many of the collections are recent. This species may be eventually displaced by nonnative invasives. Should be watched over time.
Stems ascending, 15–50 cm. Herbage tomentose. Basal leaf blades lanceolate, 5–25 cm long, pinnately divided into numerous entire to shallowly lobed, lanceolate to ovate segments. Involucre hemispheric, 12–25 mm high; phyllaries lanceolate, tomentose, outer shorter than the inner. Ray ligules 25–35 mm long. Disk corollas 6–9 mm long, lobes hairy to glandular (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX)
Not likely to be confused with any other species in Montana, except perhaps Balsamorhiza hookeri, which differs in having pinnately lobed leaves, and harsh and short pubescence, rather than the soft, tangled hairs of B. incana.
WA, MT, OR, ID and WY (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Grows in a variety of steppe habitats, mostly with sagebrush and bunchgrasses.
The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this species or genera where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus appositus
, Bombus centralis
, Bombus fervidus
, Bombus nevadensis
, Bombus rufocinctus
, Bombus occidentalis
, and Bombus griseocollis
(Thorp et al. 1983, Mayer et al. 2000, Koch et al. 2012).
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Koch, J., J. Strange, and P. Williams. 2012. Bumble bees of the western United States. Washington, DC: USDA Forest Service, Pollinator Partnership. 143 p.
- Mayer, D.F., E.R. Miliczky, B.F. Finnigan, and C.A. Johnson. 2000. The bee fauna (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of southeastern Washington. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 97: 25-31.
- Thorp, R.W., D.S. Horning, and L.L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23:1-79.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
Do you know of a citation we're missing?
- Jones, W. W. 1901. Preliminary flora of Gallatin County. M.S. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State College. 78 pp.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.