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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

White Sagebrush - Artemisia ludoviciana

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5

Agency Status
MNPS Threat Rank:
C-value: 4

External Links

General Description
Rhizomatous perennial. Stems simple, erect, 15–90 cm. Herbage tomentose, leaves sometimes glabrate above, aromatic. Leaves cauline, sessile to short-petiolate, 1–9 cm long, linear-lanceolate to obovate, entire, lobed or deeply divided. Inflorescence open to dense, racemose to paniculate, leafy below. Involucre campanulate, 2–5 mm high; phyllaries green to brown, glabrate to tomentose; receptacle glabrous. Disk flowers 10 to 55, perfect and female, glabrous to glandular; corolla 1.5–2.5 mm long; yellow. Achenes glabrous, ca. 0.5 mm long (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

In addition to the nominal infraspecific taxon, we have the following:

A. l. subsp. candicans (Rydb.) D.D. Keck

A. l. subsp. incompta (Nutt.) D.D. Keck.

Species Range
Montana Range


Range Comments
Throughout North America (Lesica 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 1269

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Chadde, S.W. 1985. Initial recovery patterns of southwestern Montana foothill range. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 103 p.
    • Grove, A.J. 1998. Effects of Douglas fir establishment in southwestern Montana mountain big sagebrush communities. M. Sc.Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 150 p.
    • Guenther, G.E. 1989. Ecological relationships of bitterbrush communities on the Mount Haggin Wildlife Management Area. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 73 p.
    • Johnson, T. W. 1982. An analysis of pack and saddle stock grazing areas in the Bob Marshall Wilderness. M.Sc.Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 105 p.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
White Sagebrush — Artemisia ludoviciana.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from