Search Field Guide
Advanced Search
MT Gov Logo
Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Field Brome - Bromus arvensis

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA
C-value: 1

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
Erect annuals 80-110 cm tall. Lower sheaths with dense, soft, apprsssed hairs; ligules 1-1.5 mm long, hairy, obtuse, erose; blades 10-20 cm long, 2-6 mm wide, coarsely pilose on both surfaces. Panicles 11-30 cm long, 4-20 cm wide, open, erect or nodding; branches usually longer than the spikelets, ascending to widely spreading. Spikelets 10-25 mm long, terete to moderately compressed, often purple-tinged; florets 4-10. Glumes glabrous; lower glumes 4-6 mm long, 3-veined; upper glumes 5-8 mm long, 5-veined; lemmas 7-9 mm long, obscurely 7-veined, rounded over the midvein, glabrous, apices acute, bifid, teeth less than 1 mm long; awns 6-11 mm, straight; anthers 2.5-5 mm long; caryopses shorter than the paleas, weakly to strongly inrolled (adapted from: Pavlick and Anderton, 2007, in Flora N. America, Vol. 24).

While many authors (Holmgren and Holmgren, 1977 in Intermountain Flora Vol. 6; Lavin and Seibert 2011 in Grasses of Montana; Shaw 2008 in Grasses of Colorado) include B. arvensis in synonymy of other species, Pavlick and Anderton (2007, Flora North America, Vol. 24) recognize it as distinct.

Species Range
Montana Range


Range Comments
Infrequent and scattered from WA, ID, MT, ND, AZ, OK, and TX east of the Mississippi River (Pavlick & Anderton, 2007, in Flora of North America, Vol. 24). Distrubtion maps should be interpreted with caution from other sources, given the frequency that this species is included in the synonymy of other species.

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 1041

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Roadsides, fields, and waste areas; native to southern and south-central Europe (Pavlick & Anderton, 2007, in Flora of N. America, Vol. 24).


  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Hendricks, P., G.M. Kudray, S. Lenard, and B.A. Maxell. 2007. A Multi-Scale Analysis Linking Prairie Breeding Birds to Site and Landscape Factors Including USGS GAP Data. Helena, Mont: Montana Natural Heritage Program.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Rinella, M.J., A.D. Knudsen, J.S. Jacobs, and J.M. Mangold. 2020. Seeding causes long-term increases in grass forage production in invaded rangelands. Rangeland and Ecology Management 73(2020): 329-333.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Field Brome"
Login Logout
Citation for data on this website:
Field Brome — Bromus arvensis.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from