Field Brome - Bromus arvensis
Erect annuals 80-110 cm tall. Lower sheaths with dense, soft, apprsssed hairs; ligules 1-1.5 mm long, hairy, obtuse, erose; blades 10-20 cm long, 2-6 mm wide, coarsely pilose on both surfaces. Panicles 11-30 cm long, 4-20 cm wide, open, erect or nodding; branches usually longer than the spikelets, ascending to widely spreading. Spikelets 10-25 mm long, terete to moderately compressed, often purple-tinged; florets 4-10. Glumes glabrous; lower glumes 4-6 mm long, 3-veined; upper glumes 5-8 mm long, 5-veined; lemmas 7-9 mm long, obscurely 7-veined, rounded over the midvein, glabrous, apices acute, bifid, teeth less than 1 mm long; awns 6-11 mm, straight; anthers 2.5-5 mm long; caryopses shorter than the paleas, weakly to strongly inrolled (adapted from: Pavlick and Anderton, 2007, in Flora N. America, Vol. 24).
While many authors (Holmgren and Holmgren, 1977 in Intermountain Flora Vol. 6; Lavin and Seibert 2011 in Grasses of Montana; Shaw 2008 in Grasses of Colorado) include B. arvensis in synonymy of other species, Pavlick and Anderton (2007, Flora North America, Vol. 24) recognize it as distinct.
Infrequent and scattered from WA, ID, MT, ND, AZ, OK, and TX east of the Mississippi River (Pavlick & Anderton, 2007, in Flora of North America, Vol. 24). Distrubtion maps should be interpreted with caution from other sources, given the frequency that this species is included in the synonymy of other species.
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Roadsides, fields, and waste areas; native to southern and south-central Europe (Pavlick & Anderton, 2007, in Flora of N. America, Vol. 24).
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Hendricks, P., G.M. Kudray, S. Lenard, and B.A. Maxell. 2007. A Multi-Scale Analysis Linking Prairie Breeding Birds to Site and Landscape Factors Including USGS GAP Data. Helena, Mont: Montana Natural Heritage Program.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
- Rinella, M.J., A.D. Knudsen, J.S. Jacobs, and J.M. Mangold. 2020. Seeding causes long-term increases in grass forage production in invaded rangelands. Rangeland and Ecology Management 73(2020): 329-333.