Saltmarsh Bulrush - Bolboschoenus maritimus
Scirpus maritimus, Schoenoplectus maritimus
Perennials to 150 cm tall from robust rhizomes, these commony bearing tubers. Culms sharply triangular, often with concave sides, 3-13 mm thick towards the base. Leaves commonly 4-8, borne on the lower 1/2 of the stem; blades mostly 10-40 cm longer to 1 cm wide, the lower 1 or 2 sometimes reduced to bladeless sheaths. Leaflike involucral bracts usually 2 or 3, the longest one usually much exceeding the others and up to 34 cm long. Scalelike involucral bracts few to several, the larger ones with the green midrib exserted as a caudate awn. Spikelets 3-25 (rarely more), 10-35 mm long, 5-10 mm thick, all sessile in a compact cluster or with 1-4 additional clusters borne on peduncles to 6 cm long; scales tan or light brown, rarely dark brown, scarious, minutely hirtellous on the back, the firm midrib exserted as a mucronate awn, this commonly 1-3 times longer than the apical notch of the scale; perianth bristles few, minutely retrorse-barbellate, ca. 1/4-1/2(-3/4) as long as the achenes; styles 2-branched for ca. 1/3 the length. Achenes 2.5-4 mm long, lenticular, minutely cellular-reticulate (adapted from: Welsh et al., 1993, A Utah Flora, 2nd ed.).
Across much of North America but only infrequently east of the Great Plains (Kartesz in prep. 2012).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Anderson, N.L. 1951. Field studies on the biology of range grasshoppers of southeastern Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, Montana: Montana State University. 96 p.
- Craig, V.E. 1952. A story of fish production as it applies to Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 92 p.
- Eggers, M.J.S. 2005. Riparian vegetation of the Montana Yellowstone and cattle grazing impacts thereon. M.Sc. Thesis. Montana State University, Bozeman, MT. 125 p.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2022. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants, Second Edition. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 779 p.
- Rothweiler, R.A. 1960. Food habits, movements and nesting of gulls on a waterfowl area, Freezeout Lake, Teton County, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 29 p.