Sheathed Cotton-grass - Eriophorum callitrix
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Rare in Montana, where it is has been documented only from the Beartooth Plateau. Additional population data for the species in Montana are needed. However, based on the locality and habitat of the known sites, the species does not appear to be at a high degree of risk from human impacts. Additional occurrences likely exist on the Beartooth Plateau.
Caespitose. Stems 7–25 cm. Leaves: upper leaf blades rudimentary; lower blades V-shaped or triangular in cross-section, ca.1 wide. Inflorescence a solitary, erect spikelet; bracts absent. Spikelets 1–2 cm long in fruit; lowest scale ovate, ca. as long as the spikelet. Fertile scales blackish with hyaline margins, 7–12 mm long. Bristles white. Achene ca. 2 mm long (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX
Flowering in August.
The combination of the solitary spikelet and the tufted, non-rhizomatous habit separate this species from all other Eriophorum in our area.
Carbon County; circumpolar south to BC and WY (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Wet, organic soils in alpine tundra.
Ecological Systems Associated with this Species
Threats or Limiting Factors
STATE THREAT SCORE REASON
Threat impact not assigned because threats are not known (MTNHP Threat Assessment 2021).
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
Do you know of a citation we're missing?
- Williams, K.L. 2012. Classification of the grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, forests and alpine vegetation associations of the Custer National Forest portion of the Beartooth Mountains in southcentral Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 376 p.