Coastal Sand Sedge - Carex incurviformis
Carex maritima var. incurviformis
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Five known occurrences in Montana, three are in Wilderness areas or Glacier National Park. However, all populations are apparenly small to moderate in size based on limited survey data for the species. All occurrences are in alpine habitat that is not generally subject to human impacts.
Short-rhizomatous. Stems erect to ascending, 2–15 cm, loosely tufted. Leaves mainly basal; blades ca. 1 mm wide. Inflorescence 3 to 5 bisexual spikes, densely clustered in a hemispheric head; lowest bract inconspicuous. Spikes ca. 5 mm long; male flowers above, inconspicuous; female below. Perigynia ascending, glabrous, narrowly ellipsoid, ribbed, 3.5–4 × 1–2 mm, green to brown, with an indistinct, mostly entire beak 0.5–1 mm long; stigmas 2. Female scales brown with hyaline margins, shorter than the perigynia. Achene 2-sided, slightly smaller than the perigynium (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX
Lesica (2012) treats this species as Carex maritima
Fruit mature in July.
Carex breweri and C. capitata occur at high elevations, but they have solitary spikes that are not subtended by papery bracts as long as the spikes. Carex douglasii does not occur in subalpine or alpine habitats. Carex microptera and C. haydeniana have male flowers (recognized by old anthers) at the base of the spikes. A hand lens or microscope will be needed to observe these characters.
Circumpolar south to CA and CO (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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Map Help and Descriptions
(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Wet rock ledges and moist tundra in the alpine zone.
Threats or Limiting Factors
STATE THREAT SCORE REASON
Threat impact not assigned because threats are not known.
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.