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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Sitka Valerian - Valeriana sitchensis

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S5
C-value: 7

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
Plants from a short, often branched rhizome. Stems 25–75 cm, glabrous except at the nodes. Basal leaves absent or similar to but smaller than the cauline. Stem leaves petiolate; blades 6–15 cm long, with 1 to 4 pairs of lanceolate to ovate, crenate lateral lobes and a somewhat larger terminal lobe. Inflorescence hemispheric, 2–6 cm across, puberulent. Flowers perfect; corolla white to pink, sparsely hairy, 5–8 mm long, lobes less than half as long as the tube. Achenes lance-ovate, 4–6 mm long, glabrous (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
AK to QC south to CA, ID and MT (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 442

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Meadows, open forest, avalanche slopes, often along streams or habitats with abundant snow cover; montane, subalpine (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Fultz, J.E. 2005. Effects of shelterwood management on flower-visiting insects and their floral resources. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 163 p.
    • Simanonok, M. 2018. Plant-pollinator network assembly after wildfire. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 123 p.
    • Simanonok, M.P. and L.A. Burkle. 2019. Nesting success of wood-cavity-nesting bees declines with increasing time since wildfire. Ecology and Evolution 9:12436-12445.
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Citation for data on this website:
Sitka Valerian — Valeriana sitchensis.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from