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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Common Matrimony Vine - Lycium barbarum
Other Names:  Matrimony Vine, Chinese Wolfberry, Chinese Boxthorn, Himalayan Goji, Tibetan Goji, Lycium halimifolium

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA
C-value: 1

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
Stems ascending, arching or climbing, 1–3 m. Herbage glabrous. Leaves short-petiolate, solitary or fascicled; blades oblanceolate, entire, 2–4 cm long. Inflorescence axillary, few-flowered cymes; pedicels 5–15 mm long. Flowers funnelform; calyx 3–4 mm long with 3 ovate lobes as long as the tube; corolla pink to purple, drying brown, the tube 6–10 mm long, the lobes just shorter than the tube. Fruit a red ellipsoid berry, ca. 1 cm long, glabrous (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
Introduced as an ornamental throughout temperate North America; native to Eurasia (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 67

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Predicted Suitable Habitat Model

This species has a Predicted Suitable Habitat Model available.

To learn how these Models were created see


  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Common Matrimony Vine"
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Citation for data on this website:
Common Matrimony Vine — Lycium barbarum.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from