Smallflower Grass-of-Parnassus - Parnassia parviflora
Parnassia palustris var. parviflora
(see State Rank Reason below)
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Parnassia parviflora occurs primarily in southwestern Montana with a few occurrences in the northwest and northeast. It grows in wetlands, fens, calcareous seeps, and along streams that are (predominately) undisturbed. Population sizes range from being scattered to common though this plant may go unnoticed due to its stature. Revisits to known locations and new surveys are needed to determine current distribution, population sizes, and threats.
- Details on Status Ranking and Review
ScoreF - 20,000-200,000 sq km (~8,000-80,000 sq mi)
Area of Occupancy
ScoreD - 6-25 4-km2 grid cells
Number of Populations
ScoreC - 21 - 80
ScoreA - Very narrow. Specialist or community with key requirements scarce
PLANTS: Stems mostly solitary, 3–20 cm with a sessile but not clasping, lanceolate to narrowly ovate bract (Lesica et al. 2012).
LEAVES: Leaf blades ovate, 1–3 cm long, tapered to the petiole.
INFLORESCENCE: Terminal, solitary flower (FNA 2016). Calyx lobes purple-tinged, 4–7 mm long, 5-veined, often with a few purple, glandular hairs; petals ovate, 4–7 mm long; staminodia oblong with 5 to 7 capitate lobes. Capsule 5–10 mm long. Lesica (2012) treats this at the specific level (Lesica et al. 2012).
Flowers in summer (FNA 2016).
Our treatment follows that of Lesica et al. (2012) in which plants with shorter petals of 4-8 mm and possess 5 veins with a stem bract that is not cordate belong to Parnassia parviflora. Parnassia parviflora has been included in P. palustris by some authors (FNA 2016). Small-flowered plants of P. palustris usually have the staminodes divided into about nine filaments distally and the anthers exceed 1.5 mm, but rarely some plants cannot be clearly assigned to one or other of these species (FNA 2016).
BC to QC south to CA, ID, MT, SD and MN (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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Map Help and Descriptions
(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 2016. Flora of North America north of Mexico, Vol. 12. Magnoliophyta: Vitaceae to Garryaceae. Oxford University Press, Inc. New York.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Culver, D.R. 1994. Floristic analysis of the Centennial Region, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Montana State University, Bozeman. 199 pp.
- Jones, W. W. 1901. Preliminary flora of Gallatin County. M.S. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State College. 78 pp.