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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Creeping Buttercup - Ranunculus repens

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA
C-value: 1

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
Stems to 40 cm with hirsute to nearly glabrous foliage, prostrate and rooting at the nodes to occasionally erect. Basal leaf blades ovate, 1–8 cm long, ternate; the 3 petiolate leaflets lobed and toothed. Flowers with petals 6–15 mm long, twice as long as the hirsute, deciduous sepals. Achenes flattened, 2–3 mm long with a hooked beak ca. 1 mm long; heads globose, 5–10 mm high (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
Most of western and eastern North America, S. America, Australia, introduced from Eurasia (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 65

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Lawns, roadsides, pastures, disturbed wetland margins; valleys (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

The following animal species have been reported as pollinators of this plant species or its genus where their geographic ranges overlap: Bombus auricomus, Bombus bifarius, Bombus nevadensis, and Bombus bimaculatus (Macior 1968, Thorp et al. 1983).


  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Macior, L.M. 1968. Bombus (Hymenoptera, Apidae) queen foraging in relation to vernal pollination in Wisconsin. Ecology 49:20-25.
    • Thorp, R.W., D.S. Horning, and L.L. Dunning. 1983. Bumble bees and cuckoo bumble bees of California (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey 23:1-79.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
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    • King, C. R. 1953. The Ranunculaceae of Montana. M.S. Thesis, Bozeman, MT: Montana State College. 82 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Creeping Buttercup — Ranunculus repens.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from