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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Alpine Poppy - Papaver radicatum ssp. kluanensis
Other Names:  Papaver kluanense, Papaver kluenensis

Species of Concern
Native Species

Global Rank: G5T4
State Rank: S2S3
(see State Rank Reason below)
State Threat Score: Unknown
CCVI: Extremely Vulnerable

Agency Status


External Links

State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
See rank details.
  • Details on Status Ranking and Review
    Alpine Poppy (Papaver radicatum ssp. kluanensis) Conservation Status Review
    Review Date = 06/07/2012
    View State Conservation Rank Criteria
    Population Size

    Score2-3 - Very Small to Small: Population size is imprecisely known but is believed to be <10,000 individuals.

    CommentPopulation levels are poorly documented, though appear to be relatively small based upon available collection data.

    Range Extent

    Score1 - Peripheral, Disjunct or Sporadic Distribution in MT: Widespread species that is peripheral, disjunct or sporadically distributed within MT such that it occurs in <5% of the state (<7,500 sq. miles or the combined area of Beaverhead and Ravalli Counties) or is restricted to 4-5 sub-basins.

    Area of Occupancy

    Score3 - Very Low: Generally occurring in 3 or fewer Subwatersheds (6th Code HUC’s).

    Environmental Specificity

    Score1-2 - Moderate to High.

    CommentAlpine species whose habitat does not appear to be highly restricted, but may need specific geologic or edaphic conditions of limited distribution.


    Score0-2 - Stable to Moderate Declines:

    CommentPopulation trends are unknown, though habitat appears to be stable. Decreases in snowpack may lead to downward trends.


    Score0-1 - Low to Medium.

    CommentHabitat is generally remote, eliminating most potential threats.

    Intrinsic Vulnerability

    Score1 - Moderate Vulnerability: Specific biological attributes, unusual life history characteristics or limited reproductive potential makes the species susceptible to extirpation from stochastic events or other adverse impacts to its habitat and slow to recover.

    Raw Conservation Status Score

    Score 8 to 13 total points scored out of a possible 19.

General Description
Cespitose, taprooted perennial with white-hirsute foliage. Stems absent. Leaves all basal, the blades lanceolate, 1–3 cm long with 2 to 4 pairs of toothed lobes. Flowers solitary on peduncles to 12 cm long; petals yellow, 5–10 mm long. Fruit a brown-strigose, oblong capsule, to 12 mm long (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Flowering in August.

Diagnostic Characteristics
This is the only alpine poppy in southern Montana.

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
Circumpolar, sporadically south to NM; known from Carbon and Sweet Grass counties (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 4

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Open, rocky slopes with delayed snowmelt in the alpine zone.
Predicted Suitable Habitat Model

This species has a Predicted Suitable Habitat Model available.

To learn how these Models were created see

Ecological Systems Associated with this Species

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Lesica, P. 1983. Noteworthy Collections - Montana. Madrono 30: 196.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2022. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants, Second Edition. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 779 p.
    • Love, D. 1969. Papaver at high altitudes in the Rocky Mountains. Brittonia 21:1-10.
    • Nunlist, E.A. 2020. Grizzly bears and humans at two moth aggregation sites in Wyoming. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 110 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Alpine Poppy"
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Citation for data on this website:
Alpine Poppy — Papaver radicatum ssp. kluanensis.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from