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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Celandine - Chelidonium majus
Other Names:  Greater Celandine, Tetterwort, Nipplewort, Swallowwort

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA
C-value: 1

Agency Status


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General Description
Biennial or short-lived perennial with yellow sap, hairy below, glabrous above. Stems to 70 cm, branched. Leaves petiolate, ovate, to 25 cm long, deeply lobed with toothed margins. Inflorescence long-stalked umbels from upper leaf axils. Flowers yellow, the pedicels to 4 cm long in fruit; sepals 2, petals 4, 5–10 mm long; stamens at least12. Capsules erect, linear, glabrous, 2–8 cm long (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Range Comments
One thriving population on the north side of Missoula. Introduced to northeast and northwest U.S. and adjacent Canada; native to Eurasia (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 3

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Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Celandine"
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Citation for data on this website:
Celandine — Chelidonium majus.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from