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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Fragrant White Sand-verbena - Abronia fragrans

Status Under Review
Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SU

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
Taprooted perennial herbs. Stems sparsely pubescent, glandular, ascending, 10–15 cm long. Leaf blades glabrous, ovate to lanceolate, 1–3 cm long. Inflorescence axillary, long-stemmed clusters subtended by 5 separate, ovate involucral bracts 5–10 mm long. Flowers: calyx white, corolla-like, salverform, ca. 12 mm long with 5 bilobed lobes; stamens ca. 5, included; style included; stigma linear. Fruit broadly conical, pubescent, ca. 6 mm long with 3- to 5-veined wings above. MT has varieties fragrans and elliptica (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range

Range Comments
Scattered across MT in Beaverhead, Carbon and Prairie counties; south to NM, TX, and Mexico (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 21

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Sandy or gravelly soil of grasslands, steppe, roadsides; plains, valleys (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Boggs, K. W. 1984. Succession in riparian communities of the lower Yellowstone River, Montana. M.S. Thesis. Montana State University, Bozeman, 107 pp.
    • Quire, R.L. 2013. The sagebrush steppe of Montana and southeastern Idaho shows evidence of high native plant diversity, stability, and resistance to the detrimental effects of nonnative plant species. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 124 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Fragrant White Sand-verbena — Abronia fragrans.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from