Search Field Guide
Advanced Search
MT Gov Logo
Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Indian-pipe - Monotropa uniflora

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: S4
C-value: 7

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
Achlorophyllous, mycotrophic, firm-fleshy, perennial herb. Stems erect, to 30 cm, unbranched, waxy-white, aging to coal-black; dead stalks hardened, often persisting into the next growing season. Leaves bract-like, alternate, sessile, ovate, white. Inflorescence a solitary, terminal, nodding flower, becoming erect in fruit. Flowers hypogynous, waxy-white, 5-merous; sepals lacking; uppermost stem bracts sepaloid; petals separate, oblong-spatulate; stamens 10; ovary superior. Fruit an ovoid, 5-chambered capsule (Stickney in Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
Boreal and temporate forests of North America. The Neotropical range is disjunct from the primary North American range, and includes Mexico to SW Colombia. In the Neotropics, it grows in moist forests of Pinus, Abies, and Quercus at elevations of 950-3400 m.

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 32

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Moist, deeply-shaded coniferous forests; valleys, montane (Stickney in Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Indian-pipe"
Login Logout
Citation for data on this website:
Indian-pipe — Monotropa uniflora.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from