Search Field Guide
Advanced Search
MT Gov Logo
Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Ground-ivy - Glechoma hederacea
Other Names:  Gill-Over-the-Ground, Creeping Charlie, Catsfoot, Alehoof

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA
C-value: 1

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
Perennial herbs with stolons or shallow rhizomes. Stems creeping to ascending, 5–30 cm, glabrous to scabrous. Leaves cauline; blades ovate to reniform, cordate, hirsute above, crenate, 1–3 cm long. Inflorescence of several pedicellate flowers at leaf nodes. Flowers perfect or sometimes female; calyx with 15 veins, 5–7 mm long, scabrous, teeth subulate, the upper longer; corolla ca. 1 cm long, blue with purple spots, bilabiate, middle lobe of lower lip the largest; stamens 4, upper pair longer; style 2-lobed (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Range Comments
Introduced to most of temperate North America; native to Eurasia (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 28

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)



  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Eggers, M.J.S. 2005. Riparian vegetation of the Montana Yellowstone and cattle grazing impacts thereon. M.Sc. Thesis. Montana State University, Bozeman, MT. 125 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Ground-ivy"
Login Logout
Citation for data on this website:
Ground-ivy — Glechoma hederacea.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from