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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Cypress Spurge - Euphorbia cyparissias

Non-native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNA
C-value: 1

Agency Status


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General Description
Glabrous perennial with spreading roots. Stems erect, 15–30 cm, branched above. Leaves alternate, linear, entire, numerous, 1–3 cm long, whorled at the base of the umbel. Inflorescence a compact umbel with ovate-cordate bracts. Cyathia ca. 3 mm long; glands with an orangish, lunate appendage (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
Introduced ornamental escaped throughout U.S.; native of Eurasia (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 36

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Predicted Suitable Habitat Model

This species has a Predicted Suitable Habitat Model available.

To learn how these Models were created see


  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Cypress Spurge"
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Citation for data on this website:
Cypress Spurge — Euphorbia cyparissias.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from