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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Western Glasswort - Salicornia rubra

Native Species

Global Rank: G5
State Rank: SNR
C-value: 7

Agency Status


External Links

General Description
Annual with glabrous, fleshy, reddish foliage. Stems erect, branched, 5–15 cm. Leaves opposite, minute, scale-like. Flowers mostly perfect, sessile in groups of 3 at nodes in a terminal, bracteate spike; calyx 3-parted, pyramidal, 1–2 mm wide, completely closed except for a central slit; stamens 2. Fruit flattened, enclosed in spongy calyx; seeds vertical, ca. 0.5 mm across (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
Across much of MT apart from the northwestern and southeastern areas; BC and MB south to NV, NM and KS (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 48

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Moist, saline soil on margins of ponds, wetlands; plains, valleys (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • McGregor, R.L. (coordinator), T.M. Barkley, R.E. Brooks, and E.K. Schofield (eds). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains: Great Plains Flora Association. Lawrence, KS: Univ. Press Kansas. 1392 pp.
    • Nebraska Game & Parks Commission. 2013. Nebraska's Threatened & Endangered Species: Saltwort, Salicornia rubra. Nebraska Game & Parks Commission with funds from the Nebraska Environmental Trust.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Culver, D.R. 1994. Floristic analysis of the Centennial Region, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Montana State University, Bozeman. 199 pp.
    • Rothweiler, R.A. 1960. Food habits, movements and nesting of gulls on a waterfowl area, Freezeout Lake, Teton County, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 29 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Western Glasswort — Salicornia rubra.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from