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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Nettle-leaf Goosefoot - Chenopodium murale
Other Names:  Nettleleaf Goosefoot, Chenopodiastrum murale

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA
(see State Rank Reason below)
C-value: 0

Agency Status


External Links

State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Reported for Montana, thought its occurrence in the state is not certain.
General Description
Stems erect, branched, 1-6(-10) dm, glabrous (to sparsely farinose when young); proximal branches decumbent. Petiole 1-2.5 cm; blade triangular, ovate, or rhombic-ovate, 0.8-4(-8) × 0.4-3(-5) cm, base cuneate to rounded, margins irregularly dentate, apex acute to acuminate, glabrous (rarely indistinctly farinose when young). Inflorescences glomerules in terminal and lateral panicles, 6-7 × 4-5 cm; glomerules subglobose, 2-4 mm diam., or some flowers not in glomerules; bracts absent. Flowers: perianth segments 5, distinct nearly to base; lobes ovate, 0.5-0.8 × 0.6-0.7 mm, apex acute to obtuse, keeled abaxially, farinose, covering fruit at maturity; stamens 5; stigmas 2, 0.2 mm. Achenes depressed-ovoid, pustulate, becoming smooth with maturity. Seeds lenticular, round, 1-1.5 mm diam.; seed coat black, minutely rugose to ± smooth (Welsh, 2003, Fl. North America, Vol. 4).

Range Comments
Across much of North America; in MT restricted to several counties in the western third of the state (Kartesz 2009).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 2

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Waste places, roadsides, clay mounds, open oak woods, prairies, rocky hillsides, along railways (Welsh, 2003, Fl. North America, Vol. 4).


  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Adhikari, S. 2018. Impacts of dryland farming systems on biodiversity, plant-insect interactions, and ecosystem services. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 207 p.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2022. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants, Second Edition. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 779 p.
    • Wood, A.K. 1987. Ecology of a prairie mule deer population. Ph.D. Dissertation. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 205 p.
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Citation for data on this website:
Nettle-leaf Goosefoot — Chenopodium murale.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from