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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Suckley's Saltbush - Atriplex suckleyi
Other Names:  Atriplex dioica (Nutt.) Macbr. [not Raf.], Endolepis dioica

Potential Species of Concern
Native Species

Global Rank: G4
State Rank: S3S4
(see State Rank Reason below)
C-value: 3

Agency Status


External Links

State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Few collections from Montana, mostly along the Missouri River Breaks. However, this species has weedy tendencies.

MONT collections from Valley, McCone Counties.
General Description
Monoecious annuals with mostly glabrous, fleshy, often reddish foliage. Stems erect or ascending, branched, 10–30 cm. Leaves sessile, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 1–3 cm long with entire margins. Male flowers in short terminal spikes of glomerules, 4- to 5-parted. Female flowers solitary in leaf axils below the males; calyx 3- to 4-parted; pistillate bracts ovate, united to the tip. Mature pistillate bracts scurfy, up to 2 mm long, united to the tip (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
In MT mostly occurring in the eastern counties but also in Beaverhead County; regional endemic from AB and SK south through the Dakotas through WY to northwestern CO (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX; Welsh 2003 in Fl. N. Amer. Vol. 4).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 137

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Barren, fine-textured, often saline soil of eroding slopes, badlands; plains (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).
Predicted Suitable Habitat Model

This species has a Predicted Suitable Habitat Model available.

To learn how these Models were created see

  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Additional ReferencesLegend:   View Online Publication
    Do you know of a citation we're missing?
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2022. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants, Second Edition. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 779 p.
    • Seipel, T.F. 2006. Plant species diversity in the sagebrush steppe of Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Bozeman, MT: Montana State University. 87 p.
    • Sieg, C. H., D. W. Uresh, and R. M. Hanson. 1983. Natural growth of Atriplex suckleyi (Torrey Rydb.) on bentonite mine spoils in southeastern Montana. pp. 53-58 in Proc. Symposium on the Biology of Atriplex and related chenopods. USDA For. Servo Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-172. 309 pp.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Suckley's Saltbush"
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Citation for data on this website:
Suckley's Saltbush — Atriplex suckleyi.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from