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Keeled Bladderpod - Physaria carinata
Lesquerella carinata, Lesquerella carinata var. languida, Lesquerella paysonii [misapplied in MT], Physaria carinata ssp. carinata
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Physaria carinata is restricted to areas of calcareous limestone substrates on low elevation, south-facing grasslands of Granite and Beaverhead Counties. Population numbers appear to have declined significantly in at least several of the occurrences in the Garnet Mountains from the time they were first documented in the 1980's and early 1990's. During this time period, spotted knapweed densities have increased in the area and the noxious weed is now a dominant plant in most of the keeled bladderpod sites. At least one previous study has documented decreased vigor and survivorship of keeled bladderpod in knapweed infested areas.
- Details on Status Ranking and Review
Score1-2 - Small to Moderate. Population size is imprecisely known but is believed to be >2,000 individuals and <100,000 individuals.
CommentPopulation is likely >10,000 plants but may have declined since some populations were last surveyed. Current data are needed.
Score2 - Regional or State Endemic or Small Montana Range: Generally restricted to an area <100,000 sq. miles (equivalent to 2/3 the size of Montana or less) or Montana contributes 50% or more of the species’ range or populations OR limited to 2-3 Sub-basins in Montana.
Area of Occupancy
Score2 - Low: Generally occurring in 4-10 Subwatersheds (6th Code HUC’s).
Score1-2 - Moderate to High.
Score1-3 - Declining: Species is likely declining though the magnitude of declines is uncertain. Declines may be based upon range extent and/or occupied area in the recent past (approximately 30 years).
CommentDeclines in populations are likely but the severity is unknown due to a lack of monitoring data.
Score3 - Very High: >70% of the populations are being negatively impacted or are likely to be negatively impacted in the near future by one or more activities or agents that are expected to result in decreased populations and/or decreasing habitat quality and/or quantity.
CommentWeed invasions and associated control measures are the primary threats.
Score1 - Moderate Vulnerability: Specific biological attributes, unusual life history characteristics or limited reproductive potential makes the species susceptible to extirpation from stochastic events or other adverse impacts to its habitat and slow to recover.
Raw Conservation Status Score
11 to 15 total points scored out of a possible 19.
Keeled Bladderpod is a short-lived perennial with few, unbranched, prostrate to ascending stems that are 1-2 dm long and arising from an unbranched rootcrown and taproot. The numerous basal leaves are 15-35 mm long and broadly spoon-shaped with entire margins and slender petioles. The alternate stem leaves are smaller. Foliage is silvery with a dense covering of star-shaped hairs. Yellow, stalked flowers are borne at the tops of the stems in a narrow inflorescence that elongates as the fruit matures. Each flower has 4 separate petals that are 7-10 mm long, 4 separate sepals, and 4 long and 2 short stamens. The ascending, narrowly elliptic, flattened capsules, or siliques, are 5-9 mm long and have a keel on each face and a style at the tip that is 4-5 mm long.
Flowering in May-June, fruiting in June.
The flattened, narrowly elliptic, keeled, unlobed siliques help separate this species from other species of Lesquerella and Physaria. A hand lens is necessary for identification.
It is only known from the lower montane zone on the south side of the Garnet Range and the Sapphire Range of Granite county and from a localized area of Beaverhead County.
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Gravelly, calcareous grassland slopes in the foothills zone.
Ecological Systems Associated with this Species
- Commonly Associated with these Ecological Systems
Threats or Limiting Factors
STATE THREAT SCORE REASON
Reported threats to Montana's population of Keeled Bladderpod refer to declining density of populations with extensive non-native plant invasions (MTNHP Threat Assessment 2021). Aggressive Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) and Spotted Knapweed (Centaurea stoebe) populations occur in the vicinity of most known populations, and the latter has become the dominant plant at many sites. Keeled bladderpod is small-statured and associated with sparsely vegetated habitat, and unlikely to remain viable in competition with tall or dense exotics. Minor threats from livestock trampling and grazing potentially accelerate the spread of non-natives and may impact populations more severely when paired with other stressors.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Achuff, P. L. and L. A. Schassberger Roe. 1991. Weeds and rare native plants in Montana. Proc. Weed Symposium (1991): 18-23.
- Al-Shehbaz, I. A. and S. L. O'Kane. 2002. Lesquerella is united with Physaria (Brassicaceae). Novon 12:319-329.
- Culver, D.R. 1994. Floristic analysis of the Centennial Region, Montana. M.Sc. Thesis. Montana State University, Bozeman. 199 pp.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
- Rollins, R. C. 1993. The Cruciferae of Continental North America: systematics of the mustard family from the Arctic to Panama. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 976 pp.
- Schassberger, L.A. 1991. Status Review of Lesquerella carinata and Lesquerella paysonii USDA Forest Service - Region 1 Deerlodge National Forest. Prepared for the USDA Forest Service, Region 1, Deerlodge National Forest, Montana. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, MT 40 pp.
- Vanderhorst, J.P. 1995. Report on the conservation status of Lesquerella carinata var. languida, a candidate threatened species. Unpublished report to the Bureau of Land Management and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, Montana 56 pp.
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