Sandweed - Athysanus pusillus
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Known in Montana from a limited area of the Bitterroot Mountains. Only three occurrences have a large number of indivuals and several occurrences have populations of spotted knapweed and/or cheatgrass established. Invasive weeds may threaten the long-term viability of the species in Montana.
- Details on Status Ranking and Review
Score2 - Small: Generally 2,000-10,000 individuals.
Score3 - Local Endemic or Very Small Montana Range: Generally restricted to an area <10,000 sq. miles (equivalent to the combined area of Phillips and Valley Counties) or <6 Sub-basins (4th code watersheds) Range-wide OR limited to one Sub-basin in Montana
Area of Occupancy
Score2 - Low: Generally occurring in 4-10 Subwatersheds (6th Code HUC’s).
Score1-2 - Moderate to High.
ScoreNA - Rank factor not assessed.
CommentTrends are unknown, though may be declining due to impacts to habitat quality, particularly from invasive species.
Score2-3 - High to Very High.
Score1-2 - Moderate to High Vulnerability.
Raw Conservation Status Score
11 to 14 total points scored out of a possible 16 (Rarity factors and threats only).
Sandweed is an annual with slender stems, up to 15 cm tall, that are simple or sparingly branched from near the base. The alternate, lance-shaped leaves, 6-20 mm long, have toothed margins and are stalked below but sessile above. Foliage is covered with simple and branched hairs. Miniscule white flowers are born on short, spreading stalks in open, unbranched inflorescences at the ends of the stems. The four white petals are ca. 2 mm long, and the sepals are only 1 mm long. The broadly pear-shaped fruits, 2-3 mm long, are covered with hooked hairs and borne on reflexed stalks.
Flowering in April-May.
The annual habit and drooping, pear-shaped fruits covered with hooked hairs make this species distinctive.
S. B.C. to CA, east to MT, ID, and UT. Peripheral.
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Vernally moist, shallow soil of steep slopes and cliffs in the lower montane zone.
Ecological Systems Associated with this Species
Threats or Limiting Factors
STATE THREAT SCORE REASON
Reported threats to Montana's population of Sandweed refer to populations where non-native plants are established (MTNHP Threat Assessment 2021). Sandweed is restricted to small areas of open habitat where direct competition with Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) and Spotted Knapweed (Centaurea stoebe) is likely to lower plant viability.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.