Western Joepye-weed - Ageratina occidentalis
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
This peripheral species in Montana is known from a handful of small to large populations in the extreme western part of the state. Minor impacts associated with a rock quarry at one location and rock climbing at another site are possible. Otherwise, few threats have been documented for the species in Montana.
Western Joepye-weed is a rhizomatous perennial herb with clustered stems that are often woody at the base and 15-70 cm tall. The alternate leaves are triangular or ovate in outline and 2-7 cm long with toothed margins. The lower leaves are reduced and early deciduous. The lower leaf surfaces have small, unstalked glands. The flowering heads are borne in an open, branched inflorescence. The involucral bracts are 3-5 mm long and mostly equal in length. The heads lack ray flowers, and there are 9-21 purple or pink disk flowers in each head. The top of the achene bears a tuft of numerous fine bristles.
Flowering in August.
This species could be confused with Brickellia grandiflorra or Saussurea americana but both of these have involucral bracts in many rows of different lengths.
WA to MT south to CA, NV, UT. Collected in Mineral and Ravalli counties (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Rocky outcrops and slopes in the montane and lower subalpine zones.
Ecological Systems Associated with this Species
Threats or Limiting Factors
STATE THREAT SCORE REASON
Threats to Montana’s populations of Western Joepye-weed are currently assigned as unknown because existing or potential impacts are not documented. (MTNHP Threat Assessment 2021).
- Literature Cited AboveLegend: View Online Publication
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2022. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants, Second Edition. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 779 p.