Shoshonea - Shoshonea pulvinata
State Rank Reason (see State Rank above)
Known in Montana only from the Pryor Mountains and the eastern slope of the Beartooth Plateau. Occurrences are located mostly on federal lands.
- Details on Status Ranking and Review
Score1 - Moderate: Generally 10,000-100,000 individuals.
CommentAvailable data supports an estimated population size of slightly greater than 10,000 plants.
Score3 - Local Endemic or Very Small Montana Range: Generally restricted to an area <10,000 sq. miles (equivalent to the combined area of Phillips and Valley Counties) or <6 Sub-basins (4th code watersheds) Range-wide OR limited to one Sub-basin in Montana
Area of Occupancy
Score2 - Low: Generally occurring in 4-10 Subwatersheds (6th Code HUC’s).
Score1-2 - Moderate to High.
Score0-2 - Stable to Moderate Declines:
CommentMonitoring data from the 1990's generally showed stable to slightly declining trends, though increased mortality may have occurred since as a result of drought conditions.
Score0-1 - Low to Medium.
Score1-2 - Moderate to High Vulnerability.
Raw Conservation Status Score
8 to 13 total points scored out of a possible 19.
Shoshonea is a low, mat-forming, herbaceous, long-lived perennial with a woody taproot and branching underground stems. The aboveground stems are 2-8 cm in length and usually clothed at their bases with remnants of the previous year's leaf sheaths. Leaves are ca. 5-25 mm long, 3-20 mm wide, and have a petiole that is ca. half their length. The leaf blades are oddly pinnate with 5-11 divisions and oblong to oval in outline. The leaf petioles are swollen and papery at their bases, and herbage is glabrous to somewhat roughened. The smallest flower clusters consist of a number of stalked flowers attached at a single point (simple umbels); these clusters are, in turn, stalked and attached at the top of the ovary. The fruits are approximately 2-4 mm long, slightly roughened to the touch, and without wings.
Flowering late June-July.
In open habitats, this species forms dense cushions and cannot be mistaken for any other member of the Parsley family in our area. In partially shaded sites, the cushion-forming habit is not so strongly expressed, and Shoshonea can be mistaken for species of Musineon, Cymopterus and Lomatium. The sessile flowers and persistent leaf bases are diagnostic. A technical key should be consulted to separate these groups.
Regional endemic to the Absaroka and Owl Creek Mountains of northwest Wyoming and adjacent Montana.
Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations:
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Map Help and Descriptions
(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)
Open, exposed limestone outcrops, ridgetops, and canyon rims, in thin rocky soils.
Ecological Systems Associated with this Species
Threats or Limiting Factors
STATE THREAT SCORE REASON
Threat impact not assigned because threats are not known (MTNHP Threat Assessment 2021).
- Additional ReferencesLegend: View Online Publication
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- Clark, T.W., H.A. Harvey, R.D. Dorn, D.L. Genter, and C. Groves (eds). 1989. Rare, sensitive, and threatened species of the greater Yellowstone ecosystem. Northern Rockies Conservation Cooperative, Montana Natural Heritage Program, The Nature Conservancy, and Mountain West Environmental Services. 153 p.
- Dorn, R.D. 1989. Report on the status of Shoshonea pulvinata, a candidate threatened species. Unpublished report. Mountain West Environmental Services, Cheyenne, WY. 32 pp.
- Evert, E.F. and L. Constance. 1982. Shoshonea pulvinata, a new genus and species of Umbelliferae from Wyoming. Systematic Botany. 7:471-475.
- Fertig, W. 1992. Sensitive plant species surveys and revised species checklist, Grass Creek Resource area, Bureau of Land Management. Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, The Nature Conservancy. 84 pp.
- Heidel, B. 2001. Monitoring Shoshonea pulvinata in the Pryor and Beartooth Mountains, Carbon County, MT. 1999 trend report to Bureau of Land Management, MT. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena. 11 pp. plus appendices.
- Lesica, P. 1992. Monitoring populations of Shoshonea pulvinata in the Pryor and Beartooth Mountains, Carbon County, Montana: 1992 progress report. Unpublished report prepared by the Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, MT.
- Lesica, P. 1993. Monitoring populations of Shoshonea pulvinata in the Pryor and Beartooth mountains, Carbon County, Montana: 1991-1993 baseline report. Unpublished report prepared for the Bureau of Land Management, Miles City District. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena. 6 pp. plus appendices.
- Lesica, P. and P.L. Achuff. 1991. Monitoring populations of Shoshonea pulvinata in the Pryor and Beartooth Mountains: 1991 establishment report. Unpublished report to the Montana State Office, Bureau of Land Management. Montana Natural Heritage Program, Helena, MT. 26 pp.
- Lesica, P., K. Lackschewitz, J. Pierce, S. Gregory and M. O'Brien. 1986. Noteworthy collections: Montana. Madrono 33:310-312.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
- Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2022. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants, Second Edition. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 779 p.
- Lyman, J.C. 2005. Shoshonea pulvinata Evert & Constance (Shoshone carrot): a technical conservation assessment. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region.
- Marriott, H. 1992. Field survey for Claytonia lanceolata var. Flava, Cryptantha subcapitata and Shoshonea pulvinata in the Owl Creek and southeast Absaroka Mountains, Wyoming. [report prepared for BLM, Grass Creek Resource Area]. Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, The Nature Conservancy. 28 pp.
- Pipp, A. 2016. Monitoring Shoshonea pulvinata in the Pryor and Beartooth Mountains, Carbon County, Montana: 1991-2015 Trend Report. Report for the Bureau of Land Management. Prepared by the Montana Natural Heritage Program. Helena, Montana. 29 pp + appendices
- Shelly, J.S. 1988. Report on the conservation status of Shoshonea pulvinata, a candidate Threatened species. Unpublished report prepared for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 36 pp.