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Montana Field Guide

Montana Field Guides

Common Caraway - Carum carvi
Other Names:  Wild Caraway, Caraway, Meridian Fennel, Persian Cumin

Non-native Species

Global Rank: GNR
State Rank: SNA
C-value: 0

Agency Status


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General Description
Glabrous taprooted biennial. Stems erect, 20–80 cm. Leaves basal and cauline with long, sheathing petioles; blades lanceolate in outline, 8–15 cm long, 3 to 4 times pinnately divided into short, linear segments. Umbels compound, terminal and axillary; rays unequal 1–4 cm long; involucral and involucel bracts minute or absent. Flowers white; stylopodium hemispheric; petals ca. 1 mm long. Mericarps glabrous, elliptic, slightly compressed perpendicular to the commissure, 3–4 mm long; ribs raised; oil tubes 1 per interval (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Species Range
Montana Range Range Descriptions


Range Comments
Introduced to north-temperate North America; native to Europe (Lesica et al. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. BRIT Press. Fort Worth, TX).

Observations in Montana Natural Heritage Program Database
Number of Observations: 100

(Click on the following maps and charts to see full sized version) Map Help and Descriptions
Relative Density



(Observations spanning multiple months or years are excluded from time charts)

Predicted Suitable Habitat Model

This species has a Predicted Suitable Habitat Model available.

To learn how these Models were created see


  • Literature Cited AboveLegend:   View Online Publication
    • Lesica, P., M.T. Lavin, and P.F. Stickney. 2012. Manual of Montana Vascular Plants. Fort Worth, TX: BRIT Press. viii + 771 p.
  • Web Search Engines for Articles on "Common Caraway"
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Citation for data on this website:
Common Caraway — Carum carvi.  Montana Field Guide.  .  Retrieved on , from